Everything you need to know about Menstruation and Menstrual Hygiene

  • It is a normal physiological process that occurs in all the females when they attain puberty.
  • It is the process of blood being discharged along with other materials from the uterine and vaginal line.
  • It is commonly referred to as period or also menses.
  • Periods can begin anytime between 8–18 years, but the majority of girls attain menarche between the age of 10–14 years.
  • A normal period occurs for 2–7 days and once in 24–32 days.
  • Menstruation and the menstrual cycle are two different things.
  • Menstrual cycle occurs in a periodic cyclic way.
  • Strongly linked to the endocrine system.
  • Hormones levels fluctuate.
  1. Menstrual Phase — 1–5 days, Uterine lining is prepared for implantation, starts to shed which lasts for 3–5 days.
  2. Follicle Phase — 1–13days, here, the primary follicle starts developing into a mature Graffian follicle. The endometrium, inner lining of the uterus also starts proliferating. Uterus starts to prepare for pregnancy.
  3. Ovulation Phase — day 14, Mid-cycle phase where the ovulation takes place. This determines the ovary ready for fertilization.
  4. Luteal Phase — 15–28 days, post-ovulatory phase which decides the fate of the corpus luteum. If fertilization occurs leads to pregnancy if not marks the onset of another cycle.
  1. Mood swings
  2. Tender Breasts
  3. Food Cravings
  4. Fatigue
  5. Irritability and Depression
  • In today’s world a wide variety of products are available in order to maintain menstrual hygiene.
  • These products help in soaking up the blood and avoiding stains
  • Easily available
  • Cost effective
  • Can cause irritation
  • Easy to use
  • Very reliable and hygienic
  • Can help save money
  • Reusable up to 3 years
  • Little/Slightly difficult to us
  • To be boiled before every use
  • Useful for athletes
  • Soaks lots of blood
  • Easy to carry
  • Swimmers rely on tampons to avoid blood spill
  • Takes time to get comfortable with this
  • Can be used by everyone without worrying about rash and itching
  • Reusable and economic
  • May not be effective in soaking blood.
  • Easy to use
  1. Washing and cleaning properly:
  • One has to be cautious while washing the vaginal region as the overdoing will disturb the normal vaginal pH which makes the area vulnerable to infection.
  • Use of chemicals is strictly to be avoided. Any dis-infective vaginal wash is to be taken under doctor’s advice only.
  • Wearing a pad for too long leaves the habitat susceptible for bacterial growth as it gets wet with blood and sweat.
  • It can cause
  • Used pads must be wrapped in a paper and thrown in the dustbin
  • Unwrapped pads carry lots of bacteria, so always cover them after use
  • Used tampons must be placed inside a bag, sealed and thrown in the dustbin
  • Wrapping the pads or tampons properly and ensuring the smell/odour and the infection are contained.
  • Washing hands thoroughly after disposal
  • Wearing Lightweight and breathable clothes
  • Avoiding use of scented products
  • Maintain the chart or mark the menstrual cycle, to be prepared.
  • Avoiding lifting heavy weights and doing heavy exercise or gym which may increase the chances of endometriosis.
  • Firstly, drinking lots of water
  • Eating something sweet
  • Drinking tender coconut water and other Vit K and potassium rich food like banana, kiwi, watermelon.
  • Fresh fruit juices not only keep you hydrated but also provide vitamins
  • Using a hot water pad
  • Exercising Daily to strengthen the pelvic support
  • Practicing yoga to address muscle strength and mood swings
  • Curd is not good during periods
  • Females lose their calm during their period
  • All the cycles are of 28 days
  • Any color of discharge other than red is abnormal
  • Periods are gross & impure
  • Curd helps in relieving bloating
  • Not all females get angry, few become depressed & lonely. And for some the process remains as normal as it can get.
  • Not all cycles last for 28 days it depends on hormones of females
  • Appearance of brown discharge at the starting and end of periods is normal
  • Periods are nature’s way of celebrating fertility



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